Population: 82,536,770 as of 2013
Currency: Egyptian Pound (1 US Dollar = 5.61 Egyptian Pound)
Time zone: GMT + 2
Calling Code: +20
Climate: The best time to visit Egypt depends on where you want to go. Generally speaking, winter (December to February) is the tourist high season and summer (June to August) is the low season in all parts of the country except on the coasts.
Economy: It possesses one of the most developed and diversified economies in the Middle East, with sectors such as tourism, agriculture, industry and service at almost equal rates in national production.
Religion: The Major religion in Egypt is Islam with majority of Sunni and minority of Sh'ia Islam. There is a very small group of Christians as well as Baha'I followers.
Mosque of Ibn Tulun
Built between 876 and 879 AD, the Mosque of Ibn Tulun is one of the oldest mosques in Cairo. It was commissioned by Ahmad ibn Ţūlūn, the Abbassid governor of Egypt. The mosque is constructed around a courtyard, with one covered hall on each of the four sides. The minaret, which features a helical outer staircase similar to that of the famous minaret in Samarra, was probably built several centuries later. Parts of the James Bond film The Spy Who Loved Me were filmed at the Mosque of Ibn Tulun.
Dahab is located some 85 km (53 miles) north of Sharm el-Sheikh on the Gulf of Aqaba, near the southern tip of Sinai. Once an isolated coastal village, Dahab turned into a hippie hangout in the 1980′s and became something of an “alternative resort”, mixing cheap accommodation with a laid back lifestyle. Activities such as wind surfing, snorkeling, scuba diving and camel and jeep trips make it one of the most popular destinations along the Red Sea.
Located in the Libyan Desert, Siwa Oasis is one of Egypt’s isolated settlements, with 23,000 people, mostly ethnic Berbers. Located on an old date trade route, Siwa was an oasis vital to the trade route, as the natural springs and shade giving palm trees gave travelers respite from the desert. With the collapse of the Roman Empire, Siwa began its decline. In recent decades tourism has become a vital source of income. Much attention has been given to creating hotels that use local materials and play on local styles.
Home to at least 120,000 items of ancient Egyptian antiquities, the Egyptian Museum is one of Cairo’s top attraction. There are two main floors of the museum, the ground floor and the first floor. On the ground floor there is an extensive collection of papyrus and coins used in by the ancient Egyptians. On the first floor there are artifacts from the final two dynasties of Ancient Egypt and also many artifacts taken from the Valley of the Kings. Highlights include the objects from the Tomb of Tutankhamen and the Royal Mummy Room containing 27 royal mummies from pharaonic times.
River Nile Cruise
Cruising the Nile is a popular way of visiting upper Egypt. The Nile River has been Egypt’s lifeline since ancient times and there is no better way to trace the passage of Egypt’s history than to follow the course of the Nile. Almost all Egyptian cruise ships travel the Luxor-Aswan route which is safe, scenic and terminates at two of Egypt’s most important towns.
Red Sea Reef
The Red Sea, off the coast of Egypt, is one of the most beautiful places in the world to go diving. The waters of the Red Sea are renowned for their spectacular visibility and features some of the most exotic seascapes. With its wide expanse of coral formation on the reefs, it is home to thousands of different sea creatures.
Although badly ruined, few sites in Egypt are more impressive than Karnak. It is the largest ancient religious site ever built, and represents the combined achievement of many generations of Egyptian builders. The Temple of Karnak actually consists of three main temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several outer temples located about 2.5 kilometers north of Luxor. One of most famous structures of Karnak is the Hypostyle Hall, a hall area of 5,000 m2 (50,000 sq ft) with 134 massive columns arranged in 16 rows.
Pyramids of Giza
The Pyramids of Giza, situated in the immediate vicinity of the southwestern suburbs of Cairo are the undisputable top attractions in Egypt. The pyramids at Giza were built over the span of three generations – by Khufu, his second reigning son Khafre, and Menkaure. The Great Pyramid of Khufu is an awe-inspiring 139 meters (455 feet) high making it the largest pyramid in Egypt, although nearby Khafre’s Pyramid appears to be larger as it is build at a higher elevation.
Useful Tips: If an Egyptian holds your hand, accept this gesture of friendship. Avoid gesturing with the left hand because it is considered unclean in the Arab world.
Credit Cards : Amex, Visa, MasterCard and Diners Club are becoming ever more useful in Egypt. They are accepted quite widely in foreign-friendly hotels, shops and restaurants, but they are far less common, and in remote areas they remain useless.
04DAYS 03NIGHTS – CAIRO + ALEXANDRIA
Day 1: Cairo ( - )
Arrival in Cairo, meet and greet with our representative. Transfer to the hotel for check in. Overnight.
Day 2: Cairo (B/L/D)
After breakfast at the hotel, proceed with city tour visiting The Egyptian Museum and Papyrus Institute. Lunch at the local restaurant then continue with tour visiting Giza Pyramids, Sphinx, Perfume Factory and shopping at Khan Khalili Bazaar. In the evening you can enjoy Dinner Cruise on the Nile river including Belly dance and folkoric show. Transfer back to the hotel. Overnight.
Day 3: Cairo – Alexandria – Cairo (B/L/D)
After breakfast, transer to Alexandria. Upon arrival, visiting Catacombs and Fort of Qeit Bey. Lunch at local restaurant. Then continue visiting Mosque of Abu Abbas and Montazah Garden. In the evening proceed back to Cairo. Overnight at the hotel.
Day 4: Cairo (B/L/D)
After breakfast, visit the Citadel of Saladin and Mohamed Ali Mosque, Amr Ibn Ala’as Mosque, and Imam Safei Mosque. Lunch at local restaurant then transfer to the airport for deoarture.
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