Capital of Brazil: Brasília
Population: 196,655,014 as of 2013
Currency: Brazilian Real (1 USD = 1.97625 BRL)
Time zone: GMT -2 to -4
Economy: Brazil is the world's eighth largest economy by nominal GDPand the ninth largest by purchasing power parity. Brazilian exports are booming, creating a new generation of tycoons. Major export products include aircraft, electrical equipment, automobiles, ethanol, textiles, footwear, iron ore, steel, coffee, orange juice, soybeans and corned beef.
Climate: During the summer, which runs from December to February (school holidays coinciding), Rio and the Northeast have temperatures in the high 30s and the south has wider temperature variations, ranging from 15°C in the winter (June through August) to 35°C in the summer.
Religion: 73.57% of the population followed Roman Catholicism since it is the country's predominant faith. Brazil has the world's largest Catholic population, 15.41% Protestantism; 1.33% Kardecist spiritism; 1.22% other Christian denominations and the minority includes Islam, Buddhist, Judaism and Amerindian religions.
One of Brazil’s best-preserved colonial towns, Ouro Preto, meaning “black gold”, was founded at the end of the 17th century. It quickly became the epicenter of a new gold rush in the state of Minas Gerais. The city contains well preserved Portuguese colonial architecture, while modern buildings must adhere to historical standards maintained by the city. 18th- and 19th-century churches decorated with gold and the sculptured works of Aleijadinho make Ouro Preto one of the most popular tourist attractions in Brazil.
Fernando de Noronha
Fernando de Noronha is a beautiful archipelago with pristine beaches, landscapes and wildlife, situated 354 km (220 miles) off the northeastern coast in Brazil. The archipelago was discovered by Amerigo Vespucci in 1503 and temporarily occupied by the Dutch and French before Portugal established dominion in 1737. Today only the largest of the 21 islands is inhabited with a population of about 3,500. The islands are a Mecca for divers and snorkelers with warm waters year-round and very good visibility even at depths of 50 meters.
Historic Center of Olinda
Another well preserved colonial city, Olinda is located on the Brazil’s northeastern coast, just north of Recife. Olinda features a number of major touristic attractions, such as a historic downtown area, churches, and the famous Carnival of Olinda. Many bars, restaurants, artist and craftspeople studios add charm to the old-town setting.
Salvador is the capital of the state of Bahia, with an attractive colonial town, a vibrant musical scene and loads of exceptional beaches all around. The beaches range from calm inlets, ideal for swimming, diving and sailing, as well as open sea inlets with strong waves, popular with surfers. There are also beaches surrounded by reefs, forming natural pools of stone, ideal for children.
The Pantanal is the world’s largest wetland, lying mostly in Western Brazil but extending into Bolivia and Paraguay as well. Famous for its wildlife, it is one of Brazil’s major tourist attractions. Unlike the Amazon rainforest, in the Pantanal you are virtually guaranteed to actually see the wildlife. Capybara and the Yacare Caiman are present in the millions. The Pantanal is also home to one of the largest Jaguar populations in the Americas.
There are carnival celebrations in virtually every corner of Brazil, the best-known ones taking place in Recife together with the neighboring Olinda and Salvador. But the biggest and most famous carnival is undoubtedly the Carnival in Rio de Janeiro. The Rio Carnival attracts two million people per day on the streets and almost half a million foreigners during its 4 day celebration. The Carnival is all over the place, in the streets and squares, bars, clubs and all other venues in Rio, concluding in the spectacular Rio Samba Parade at the Sambadrome.
At approximately 6,400 km (4,000 miles) the Amazon River is the second longest river in the world, just slightly shorter than the Nile, and the largest river by volume. The Amazon has over 3,000 recognized species of fish and new species are still being discovered. The Amazon Basin is covered by half of the planet’s remaining rainforests. Although a tenth of the world’s estimated 10 million living species live in the Amazon rainforest, jungle tours are more about the boating upriver into the damp, buzzing, oppressive ambience than actually spotting animals.
One of the great natural wonders of the world, Iguaçu Falls is situated on the border between Brazil and Argentina. The waterfall system consists of 275 falls along the Iguazu River. The most impressive of them all is the Devil’s Throat a U-shaped with a height of 82 meter (269 ft). The falls can be reached from the cities Foz do Iguaçu in Brazil and Puerto Iguazú in Argentina, as well as from Ciudad del Este in Paraguay. On the Brazilian side there is a long walkway along the canyon with an extension to the lower base of the Devil’s Throat.
Christ the Redeemer
Christ the Redeemer is the famous statue of Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro. Located at the peak of the 700 meters (2,300 ft) Corcovado mountain, it provides a sweeping panorama from the interior of Guanabara bay to the north, to Lagoa Rodrigo de Freitas to the south. The Christ the Redeemer statue stands 39.6 meters (130 ft) tall, including its 9.5 meters (31 ft) pedestal and has become an icon of Rio and Brazil.
Useful Tips: Brazilians are friendly and free-spirited, with an incredible zest for life. Women kiss twice -- once on each cheek -- if they are married. Single women add a third kiss upon meeting. Brazilians also stand extremely close to one another. Do not back away. The "O.K." sign is considered very rude and vulgar; the "thumbs up" gesture is used for approval. Present a gift at a social meeting, not during a formal business meeting. Give good quality whiskey, wine, coffee table books and name brand pens. Gifts for your counterpart's children will be appreciated. Don't smoke in public. Federal law bans smoking in public places.
Tipping System: Workers in most services get tipped 10%, and as they make the minimum wage, which is not enough to live on, you can be sure they need the money. There are many places where tipping is not customary but is a welcome gesture. The local juice stands, bars, coffee corners, street and beach vendors are all tipped on occasion. Parking assistants receive no wages and are dependent on tips, usually R$2.
05DAYS 04NIGHTS - RIO DE JANEIRO & IGUASSU
Day 1: ARRIVAL RIO DE JANEIRO (L / D)
Arrival in Rio, transfer to restaurant for lunch. Porceed with city tour visiting Metropolitan Cathedral and Maracana Stadium. In the evening transfer to Copacabanna beach and Guanabara Bay.
Lunch in Chinese Restaurant.
Dinner in hotel.
Day 2: RIO DE JANEIRO (B / L / D)
Full day tour Corcovado hill
Lunch in Lido Carretao Restaurant.
Dinner at the hotel.
Day 3: RIO DE JANEIRO (B / L / D)
After breakfsst, proceed with tour to Sugar Loaf Mountain by Cable Car. Then transfer to Niteroi City.
Lunch in Brasileirinho Restaurant.
Dinner in Chon Kou Restaurant.
Day 4: RIO DE JANEIRO - IGUASSU (B / L / D)
After breakfast, transfer to the airport and proceed with journey to Iguassu. Upon arrival in Iguassu, transfer to the National Park where you can see the Brazillian side of the Falls. Lunch at the park. Evening transfer to the hotel for check in, dinner and overnight.
Day 5: IGUASSU – RIO DE JANEIRO – DEPARTURE (B)
After breakfast, transfer to the airport to depart back to Rio de Janeiro. Upon arrival, proceed to International Airport to connect with your International Flight.
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